Types of Majorities in Parliament: Effective Majority & Absolute Majority

Effective Majority

  • The time period ‘Effective Majority’ refers to a majority of the whole club of the House aside from the vacant seats.
  • In different words, it’s far the majority of the then powerful power of the House
    • For example, suppose 15 seats are vacant out of the total quantity of seats in the Lok Sabha (i.e. 543). In this case, the Effective Majority = [(543 – 15)/2 + 1] = 265.
  • Usage of Effective Majority
    • The ‘Effective Majority’ is required within the following instances:
    • Removal of the Vice President in the Rajya Sabha (Article 67).
    • Removal of the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha (Article 90).
    • Removal of the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha (Article 94).

Absolute Majority

    • The time period ‘Absolute Majority’ refers to a majority of the overall club of the House, no matter the reality whether or not there are vacant seats or absentees.
      • For example, considering the overall energy of the Lok Sabha is 543, the Absolute Majority for the Lok Sabha = ([543/2) + 1] = 272.
  • Usage of Absolute Majority
    • This ‘Absolute Majority’ isn’t always prescribed with the aid of the Constitution for any case or cause as a standalone single requirement. It is, as a substitute, required in certain cases as a subject of the Special Majority.
    • Thus, the Parliament or the State Legislature does not use the ‘Absolute Majority’ for ordinary companies.
    • It is mainly used for the formation of the government at the Centre in addition to State ranges.
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