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Daily Current Affairs for UPSC

SHREYAS Scheme:

Syllabus: Government schemes and interventions [GS Paper-2]

Context: The SHREYAS scheme has provided financial support of over 2300 crore rupees for the education of SC and OBC students since 2014, benefiting thousands of individuals.

About:

The SHREYAS scheme, which was started in 2014, consists of four sub-schemes that focus on providing educational opportunities to Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes students in order to empower them.

The four sub-scheme include

  • Sub-Scheme 1: Free Coaching Scheme for SCs and OBCs
  • Sub-Scheme 2: Top Class Education for SCs
  • Sub-Scheme 3: National Overseas Scheme for SCs
  • Sub-Scheme 4: National Fellowship for SC Students

Free Coaching Scheme for SCs and OBCs

Purpose:

  • Provide excellent coaching services to individuals from economically disadvantaged backgrounds belonging to the Scheduled Caste (SC) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) categories.
  • Get them ready for competitive exams and entrance tests for both public and private sector employment.
  • Help students gain admission to top technical and professional higher education institutions.

Key features:

  • The maximum limit for the total yearly income of a family is 8 lakhs.
  • There are 3500 slots available each year.
  • The ratio of SC to OBC students is respectively 70 to 30.
  • 30% of the seats are reserved for women.
  • The flexibility in ratios is meant to ensure that at least 50% of the students are from a specific group (SC students).
  • A total of 770 million rupees were released for funding allocation from 2014-15 to 2022-23.
  • There are a total of 19,995 individuals who will receive benefits.

Top Class Education for SCs

Purpose:

  • Encourage high-quality education for students from Scheduled Castes.
  • Provide complete financial assistance for education beyond the 12th grade.
  • Scholarships will continue as long as the recipient maintain
  • The addition of esteemed establishments.

Key features:

  • The maximum annual income for a family is 8 lakhs.
  • There will be a total of 21,500 scholarships allocated from 2021-22 to 2025-26.
  • Financial support refers to the provision of funds for various purposes such as covering tuition fees, providing academic allowance, and supporting living expenses.
  • A total of 43 crore rupees has been released for funding allocation between 2014-15 and 2022-23.
  • There are a total of 21,988 people who will benefit from this.

National Overseas Scheme for SCs

Purpose

  • Provide financial support for individuals pursuing master’s and Ph.D. programs overseas.
  • This is inclusive of Scheduled Castes, De-notified Tribes, Nomadic Tribes, Semi-Nomadic Tribes, and other communities.
  • Enrollment in prestigious international universities listed in the top 500 QS rankings.
  • This covers the costs of tuition, living expenses, visa fees, and travel expenses.

Key features:

  • The maximum limit for the total income of a family is less than Rs. 8 lakhs per year.
  • Eligible criteria, one must have achieved a score of over 60% in the qualifying examination and be younger than 35 years old.
  • A sum of 140 million rupees was released for funding between 2014-15 and 2022-23.
  • There are 950 individuals who will receive benefits.

National Fellowship for SC Students

Purpose:

  • Provide assistance to SC students who wish to pursue higher education and obtain doctoral degrees in philosophy.
  • It is offered in various fields including Sciences, Humanities, and Social Sciences.
  • The information is derived from qualifying exams such as NET-JRF and UGC-CSIR Joint Test.
  • There are high fellowship rates available and no limit to the financial support provided.

Key features

  • This is about the rates of fellowships for Junior Research Fellows (JRF) and Senior Research Fellows (SRF).
  • The contingency allowances for Humanities & Social Sciences and Sciences, Engineering & Technology are provided.
  • A total of 89 crore rupees was released for funding from 2014-15 to 2022-23.
  • There are 21,326 people who will receive benefits.

Conclusion:

The SHREYAS Scheme is a source of hope for SC and OBC students in India, offering them educational opportunities and financial assistance. It consists of four sub-schemes that promote empowerment, inclusivity, and advancement in the education sector of the country.

Source: pib

Practice question:

  1. What is a key feature of the Shreyas Scheme?
    1. The maximum yearly income limit for a family is 10 lakhs
    2. There are 5000 slots available each year
    3. The ratio of SC to OBC students is 60 to 40
    4. 20% of the seats are reserved for women
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