Daily Current Affairs for UPSC

Share of women in unincorporated sector

Syllabus - Social Issues [GS Paper-1]


As per the Annual Survey of Unincorporated Sector Enterprises (ASUSE)2022-23, The share of women owners and workers in unincorporated enterprises was relatively high in the southern States.


  • Overview : Annual Survey of Unincorporated Sector 2022-23 categorizes employees into manufacturing, trade, and different services, apart from agriculture and public sector entities.
  • Data Analysis :  Proportion of women workers to total people has marginally multiplied from 25.52% in ASUSE 2021-22 to 25.63% in ASUSE 2022-23.
    • About 54% of the proprietary organisations have been discovered to be headed by woman owners within the Manufacturing sector 
  • Regional Distribution : Southern states and a few japanese states have a better share of women owners and people in unincorporated organisations.
    • Share of women is decreasing in western, northern, and central states.
    • Telangana leads with 41%, followed intently by different southern states exceeding 30% like West Bengal and Odisha.

Nature of Unincorporated Sector

  • The unincorporated sector consists of jobs that require little to no capital and competencies, including road vending, as well as paintings that involve huge investment and information, inclusive of tailoring and vehicle restore. 
  • The store can be operated through a person or a self-hired entrepreneur who may also enlist unpaid family individuals or rent paid workers. 
  • They may match from a set place or in houses, small stores, and workshops.
  •  Within this sector, women constitute a significant workforce, contributing to various industries and activities. 

Challenges faced by women 

  • Unpaid family worker: Women’s percentage amongst unpaid family people is considerably better than in different job types throughout all states.
  • Income: Women engage in numerous occupations, from agriculture and handicrafts to casual services.
    • Their profit ranges frequently stay low due to loss of skill development and bargaining energy.
  • Gender Pay Gap: Women earn much less than guys for similar paintings, perpetuating economic inequality.
  • Lack of Social Security: Many women lack access to health insurance, pension schemes, and different protection nets.
  • Informal Nature of Work: The unorganized sector lacks formal contracts, leaving women at risk of exploitation.

Conclusion and Way Forward 

  • Women throughout extraordinary age groups make contributions to the unincorporated sector therefore Empowering women is not most effective a reminder of economic justice but additionally a step towards inclusive increase. 
  • There is a need to deal with troubles like same pay, safe running conditions, maternity leave and access to education is vital.
  • There is a need to Invest in training packages to beautify women’s competencies and empower them to access better-paying jobs.
  • By spotting Women’s contributions and addressing their specific wishes, we will create a greater equitable and prosperous society.

Source: The Indian Express

UPSC Mains Practice Question

Q. How globalization has led to the reduction of employment in the formal sector of the Indian economy? Is increased informalization detrimental to the development of the country? (2016)

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