Daily Current Affairs for UPSC

IRDAI eases norms for General Insurance

Syllabus: Governance [GS Paper-2]


Recently, the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) has released the master circular ACU on general insurance as a regulation-making tool to reduce fragmentation or replication of similar rules and regulations in the general insurance industry. 

Key Provisions of the Master Circular

  • Definitions and scope of general insurance business: The circular explains what general insurance is and gives an outline of the area of operation for any insurance companies.
  • Licensing and registration requirements for insurers: The circular lists the requisite licences and registrations as mandatory for insurers to carry out business operations in India.
  • Product regulations: The circular also covers policy wording and policy exclusions as well as policy brochure containing information put in simple language for the consumer.
  • Premium and payment structures: About premium rates and the manner of payment a circular has been devised on how often the premium payment should be as well as the methods of payment.
  • Claims processing and settlement guidelines: Such a plan defines the process of claims handling, claims settlement, and resolution of controversies.
  • Regulatory requirements for solvency, risk management, and investment: It undertakes the nature of the circular in providing matters that should be adhered to by insurers as far as solvency margins, risks and assets investment are concerned.

Impact on the Insurance Industry

  • Simplification of processes and reduced compliance burden: The circular itself integrates the existing regulation function to simplify the compliance of the organisation.
  • Enhanced policyholder protection and transparency: The circular guarantees rational and comprehensible policy terms, standard and manageable premium mechanisms, and efficient and expeditious claims procedures.
  • Increased competition and innovation in product offerings: The circular also creates the spirit of local insurers seeking for opportunities to create new products and services that are valuable in the global market.
  • Strengthened regulatory framework and supervision: The circular strengthens the regulatory capabilities of IRDAI and guarantees the improvement of supervision and the enforcement of its measures.

Benefits for Policyholders

The master circular aims to protect policyholder interests by:

  • Ensuring clear and transparent policy terms
  • Regulating premium rates and payment structures
  • Streamlining claims processing and settlement
  • Enhancing insurer solvency and financial stability

Challenges and Opportunities

While the master circular presents several opportunities for growth and development, it also poses challenges for insurers, including:

  • Compliance with stringent regulations
  • Investment in technology and infrastructure
  • Enhanced competition and market pressure


The IRDAI’s master circular on general insurance is a significant step towards consolidating and streamlining regulations for the sector. The move is expected to bring clarity, consistency, and transparency to the industry, ultimately benefiting policyholders and insurers alike. As the insurance landscape continues to evolve, it is essential for stakeholders to stay informed and adapt to the changing regulatory environment. The circular is a comprehensive guide for the industry, and its provisions will shape the future of general insurance in India.

Source: The Hindu

UPSC Mains Practice Question 

Q. Analyze how the easing of norms by IRDAI for general insurance companies might affect the penetration and accessibility of insurance in India, particularly in rural and underserved areas.

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