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Daily Current Affairs for UPSC

Integrated Tribal Development Programme by NABARD

Syllabus: Government Policies and Interventions [GS Paper-2]

Context

The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) is set to launch an integrated tribal development programme in the Kulathupuzha region of Kerala. This initiative marks NABARD’s first foray into Kollam district and aims to transform the livelihoods of tribal families over the next five years. 

Objectives of the Programme

The key objectives of the Integrated Tribal Development Programme in Kulathupuzha are:

  • Improving Livelihoods: The programme seeks to enhance the income and living standards of tribal families by promoting sustainable livelihood activities. This will involve providing access to financial services, skill development, and market linkages. 
  • Enhancing Food Security: A major focus of the programme will be on improving food security for the tribal communities. This will involve interventions in agriculture, animal husbandry, and natural resource management. 
  • Strengthening Community Institutions: The programme will work towards strengthening community-based organizations and self-help groups among the tribal population. This will empower them to collectively address their developmental needs. 
  • Improving Access to Basic Services: Efforts will be made to improve the tribal communities’ access to basic services such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure. Convergence with government schemes will be a key strategy. 

Key Components of the Programme

  • Livelihood Promotion: The programme will support various livelihood activities such as agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, and non-farm enterprises. This will involve providing access to credit, training, and market linkages. 
  • Natural Resource Management: Sustainable management of natural resources, including land, water, and forests, will be a crucial component. Activities such as soil and water conservation, agroforestry, and sustainable harvesting of forest produce will be promoted. 
  • Community Mobilization: The programme will focus on strengthening community-based organizations, such as self-help groups and producer groups. These institutions will be empowered to collectively address their developmental needs and access government schemes. 
  • Infrastructure Development: Investments will be made in improving the basic infrastructure, including access roads, drinking water, and sanitation facilities, to enhance the overall living conditions of the tribal communities. 
  • Convergence with Government Schemes: The programme will leverage and converge with various government schemes and programmes to maximize the impact and ensure holistic development. This will involve coordination with different departments and agencies. 

Implementation Approach

  • Participatory Planning: The programme will adopt a bottom-up, participatory approach in planning and implementation. The tribal communities will be actively involved in identifying their needs, prioritizing interventions, and monitoring the progress. 
  • Capacity Building: Extensive capacity-building efforts will be undertaken to empower the tribal communities and strengthen their skills and knowledge. This will include training programmes, exposure visits, and handholding support. 
  • Partnerships and Convergence: NABARD will collaborate with various stakeholders, including government agencies, civil society organizations, and research institutions, to leverage their expertise and resources for the effective implementation of the programme. 
  • Monitoring and Evaluation: A robust monitoring and evaluation framework will be put in place to track the progress, measure the impact, and make necessary course corrections. Regular reviews and assessments will be conducted to ensure the programme’s effectiveness. 

Expected Outcomes

  • Improved Livelihoods and Income: The programme is expected to result in a significant increase in the income and living standards of the tribal families through the promotion of sustainable livelihood activities. 
  • Enhanced Food Security: Interventions in agriculture, animal husbandry, and natural resource management are expected to improve the food security and nutritional status of the tribal communities. 
  • Strengthened Community Institutions: The empowerment of community-based organizations and self-help groups will lead to enhanced collective bargaining power and the ability to access government schemes and services. 
  • Improved Access to Basic Services: The programme’s efforts to improve access to healthcare, education, and infrastructure will contribute to the overall well-being and development of the tribal communities. 
  • Sustainable Natural Resource Management: The focus on sustainable management of natural resources will ensure the long-term viability of the tribal communities’ livelihoods and their harmonious coexistence with the environment. 

Conclusion

The launch of the Integrated Tribal Development Programme in Kulathupuzha by NABARD is a significant step towards addressing the developmental needs of the tribal communities in the region. By adopting a comprehensive and participatory approach, the programme aims to transform the livelihoods, food security, and overall well-being of the tribal families. This initiative has the potential to serve as a model for replication in other tribal-dominated areas, contributing to the inclusive and sustainable development of the country.

Source: The Hindu

UPSC Mains Practice Question

Q. Evaluate the impact of the Integrated Tribal Development Programme (ITDP) by NABARD on the socio-economic development of tribal communities in India. What measures can be taken to enhance its effectiveness?

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