Context: The Indian textile industry aims to achieve $250 billion by 2030, with $100 billion coming from exports, according to Textiles and Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal. India has also organised a meeting of global cotton producing nations and introduced a textile brand called ‘Kasturi Cotton Bharat’ that can be traced through blockchain technology.
- Cotton is a crucial crop in India, accounting for a significant portion of global production.
- India has the largest cotton cultivation area and is the second largest producer worldwide, after China.
- This industry supports the livelihoods of millions of cotton farmers and those involved in cotton processing and trade.
- The Indian textile industry predominantly uses cotton, with a ratio of 60:40 compared to the rest of the world’s 30:70 use of non-cotton fibers.
- Cotton is not only essential for clothing but also a major source of foreign exchange through exports in India.
- The Indian textile industry aims to achieve $250 billion by 2030, including $100 billion from exports.
- Because of its economic significance, cotton is referred to as “White-Gold” in India.
- Additionally, India will lead in the production of cotton textiles and technical textiles, which are specially designed fabrics for specific purposes rather than for fashion or appearance.
International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC):
- The ICAC is a group of governments from cotton-producing, consuming, and trading countries that represents the international cotton and cotton textile industry.
- It was founded in 1939 and advocates for cotton-producing nations, provides research and technical information, and collaborates with private sector organisations through the IFCP to promote cotton worldwide.
- Not all major cotton-producing countries, such as China and Turkmenistan, are members of the ICAC.
India is making efforts to improve the productivity of cotton:
- The Indian government has recently introduced several initiatives aimed at promoting the textile industry and ensuring the production of high-quality textile products.
- One such initiative is the PM MITRA scheme, which focuses on establishing mega textile parks and supporting the entire value chain.
- Additionally, the National Technical Textiles Mission has been launched to encourage research and development in technical textiles.
- Another noteworthy initiative is the introduction of the “Kasturi Cotton Bharat” brand, which utilises blockchain technology to ensure traceability and claims to be “carbon positive”.
- To further enhance the industry, state-of-the-art testing laboratories are being set up across the country by the Textile Ministry and the Department of Consumer Affairs.
- These laboratories will ensure that only top-notch textile products are manufactured and exported from India.
- Moreover, Indian cotton farmers will also benefit from drone-based pesticide spraying, as this innovative approach, along with the implementation of Internet of Things technology, aims to improve their farming practices and enhance their productivity.
Q. “The crop is subtropical in nature. A hard frost is injurious to it. It requires at least 210 frost-free days and 50 to 100 centimetres of rainfall for its growth. A light well-drained soil capable of retaining moisture is ideally suited for the cultivation of the crop.” Which one of the following is that crop? (2020)