Daily Current Affairs for UPSC

Dynamic Ground Water Resource Assessment Report 2023

Syllabus: Government policies and Interventions[GS Paper-2]

Context: The Union Minister of Jal Shakti has made public the report on the Dynamic Ground Water Resource Assessment for the entire country in 2023.

Key Points:

  • The Minister of Jal Shakti, Mr. Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, has unveiled the Dynamic Ground Water Resource Assessment Report for the entire nation in 2023.
  • The assessment was conducted by both the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) and States/UTs, and the findings can be utilised by different stakeholders to implement appropriate measures.
  • According to the 2023 assessment, the total amount of groundwater replenishment in the country is 449.08 billion cubic metres, which is 11.48 BCM more than the previous year (2022). The annual ground water extraction for the whole country is 241.34 BCM.
  • Additionally, 736 out of the 6553 assessment units in the country have been labelled as ‘Over-exploited’.

Dynamic Ground Water Resource Assessment Report:

  • The primary objective of this initiative is to assess the current condition of groundwater resources and evaluate the effectiveness of existing groundwater management strategies. 
  • This assessment is a collaborative effort between the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) and various States/UTs. 
  • It is worth mentioning that similar assessments have been conducted in the past, specifically in the years 1980, 1995, 2004, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2017, 2020, and the latest one in 2022.

Key Highlights of Dynamic Ground Water Resource Assessment Report 2023:

  • The total annual groundwater recharge is 449.08 billion cubic metres (bcm), an increase of 11.48 BCM compared to 2022. 
  • The total annual groundwater production throughout the country is 241.34 billion cubic metres. 
  • Currently 59.23%. Note. Groundwater extraction stage is a measure of annual groundwater production for all uses (irrigation, industrial and domestic use) compared to the annual recoverable groundwater resource. 
  • Out of the total 6553 units assessed – 736 units (11.23%) were classified as “overexploited” (where the annual groundwater extraction exceeds the annual extractable groundwater resource), indicating a decline. – 4793 units classified as “Safe”.

Initiatives taken by the government to improve ground water resources:

  • The Atal Bhujal Yojana, also known as Atal Jal, is a significant Central Sector Scheme that has been implemented with the assistance of the World Bank. This scheme, with a budget of Rs. 6000 crore, is aimed at ensuring the sustainable management of groundwater resources. By providing financial aid and technical expertise.
  • The government has also launched the Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) in 2019. This initiative specifically focuses on promoting water conservation and efficient water resource management in 256 districts across the country that are facing water scarcity. 

Source: PIB

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