Context- In the 91st General Assembly of Interpol, India urged other member states to ban criminals, criminals and the proceeds of crime.
- The general assembly discussed joint action in the fight against organized crime, terrorism, drug trafficking, money laundering, online radicalization, financial crimes based on information networks, etc.
- To combat organized crime, the Vienna Declaration was issued, with five priority areas:
- The fight against transnational organized crime must become a global national security priority,
- Strengthen cooperation in the fight against crime,
- Increased information sharing,
- Enable frontline policing,
- More investment in innovation and technology.
- India also supported the adoption of Interpol’s Vision 2030 and the establishment of Interpol’s Future Council.
What is Interpol?
- Interpol is an intergovernmental organization that stands for International Criminal Police Organization.
- Background: It was founded in 1923 at the International Police Congress in Vienna as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC). In 1956, the ICPC adopted the name Interpol.
- Members: It has 196 member states including India.
- Headquarters: Lyon, France
- Mandate: It connects police officers around the world – both technically and personally.
- It is the world’s largest and only organization with the mandate and technical infrastructure to share police data globally.
Administration of Interpol
- The General Secretariat coordinates daily activities in the fight against various crimes. It is headed by the Chief Secretary and staffed by both police and civilians.
- The General Assembly is the governing body that gathers all the countries to make decisions once a year.
- In each country, Interpol’s National Central Bureau (NCB) acts as a central point of contact between the General Secretariat and other NCBs.
- The national central bank is managed by national law enforcement agencies and usually operates within the ministry responsible for policing.
- India joined Interpol in 1949.
- CBI (Central Bureau of Investigation) is the national central office of Interpol in India and coordinates all international police cooperation requests from Indian law enforcement agencies through Interpol channels.
- India will host the 90th Interpol General Assembly in Delhi in 2022. Interpol’s first report on global crime trends was released at the Delhi session.
- Interpol notices are international requests for cooperation or alerts that allow national police to share critical crime-related information.
- The notices are published by the General Secretariat at the request of the National Central Office and are available to all our Member States.
Source: The Hindu
Q. What is the main function of INTERPOL’s General Secretariat?
- Drafting International Laws
- Coordinating International Police Cooperation
- Conducting Criminal Investigations
- Managing Border Security